Natta, Alessandro

   Born in Imperia (Liguria) in the last year of World War I, Natta studied literature at the University of Genoa before he began teaching in an Imperia secondary school, then became an artillery lieutenant in World War II. He was wounded in action against the Germans after Italy’s surrender to the Allies on 8 September 1943, was taken prisoner on Rhodes, and was sent to a series of prison camps. After the war he joined the Partito Comunista Italiano/Italian Communist Party (PCI), returned to his teaching duties, served on his local city council, and in 1948 was elected to the Chamber of Deputies. Natta’s party work was primarily as an intellectual and theorist: He edited Rinascita, was co-editor with Luigi Longo of Critica Marxista between 1956 and 1966, and served on the Central Committee as well as on the Steering Committee of the PCI. A reliable party functionary, Natta was made general secretary (party leader) upon Enrico Berlinguer’s untimely death in 1984. He was confirmed in that post at the Florence Congress of the PCI in April 1986. Like others who try to lead by consensus, he seemed torn between the forces that were wrenching the party apart, one pulling in the direction of renewed Stalinist-Leninist orthodoxy and the other toward northern European social democracy, anathema to the party’s left. However, PCI losses in the 1987 elections weakened his position, and a subsequent heart attack in 1988 brought about his resignation. His place was taken by Achille Occhetto. At the all-important BolognaCongress, in February 1991, where the PCI was transformed into the Partito Democratico della Sinistra/Democratic Party of the Left (PDS), Natta—like Pietro Ingrao—was among the nostalgics reluctant to give up the symbolism of the largest Western Communist party.
   Unsympathetic observers have remarked on the “grayness” of one who was essentially a party worker and who lacked the charisma that had characterized Berlinguer. Tempted by the possibilities opened, on the one hand, by unity on the left with the Partito Socialista Italiano/Italian Socialist Party (PSI) and, on the other, by collaboration with the Democrazia Cristiana/Christian Democracy (DC), Natta proved unable to make a clear choice or to articulate a clear party position.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alessandro Natta — (* 7. Januar 1918 in Imperia, Italien; † 23. Mai 2001 ebenda) war ein italienischer Politiker und Generalsekretär des Partito Comunista Italiano (PCI) von 1984 bis 1988. Natta stammt aus einer piemontesischen Familie des Kleinbürgertums, besuchte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alessandro Natta — Secretario General del Partido Comunista Italiano 11 de junio de 1984 – 10 de junio de 1988 Predecesor Enrico Berlinguer Sucesor …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alessandro Natta — (January 7, 1918 ndash; May 23 2001), was an Italian politician and secretary of the Italian Communist Party (PCI) from 1984 to 1988. Before and during the World WarBorn in Oneglia, Natta attended the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa together… …   Wikipedia

  • Alessandro — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Für den Familiennamen siehe D’Alessandro. Bekannte Namensträger Vorname Alessandro Achillini (1463–1512), italienischer Philosoph und Arzt Alessandro Albani (1692–1779), Kardinal der katholischen Kirche Alessandro… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Natta — ist der Name von Alessandro Natta (1918−2001), italienischer Politiker und von 1984 bis 1988 Generalsekretär des Partito Comunista Italiano (PCI) Giulio Natta (1903−1979), italienischer Chemiker Siehe auch: Ziegler Natta Katalysator …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alessandro Natta — (né le 7 janvier 1918 à Oneglia en Ligurie mort le 23 mai 2001) était un homme politique italien qui fut l avant dernier secrétaire général du parti communiste italien (PCI), de 1984 à 1988. Les deux dernières années de son mandat ont été ternies …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste der Biografien/Na — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Imperia (Stadt) — Imperia …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oneglia — Imperia …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 7. Jänner — Der 7. Januar (in Österreich und Südtirol: 7. Jänner) ist der 7. Tag des Gregorianischen Kalenders, somit verbleiben noch 358 (in Schaltjahren 359) Tage bis zum Jahresende. Historische Jahrestage Dezember · Januar · Februar 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.